Coffee Beans – How To Know Which Ones To Use

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types of coffee
types of coffee

Oh, what on heaven’s earth would we do without coffee? How would we ever make it through the day without this delicious drink? Whether we like to admit it or not, the smell and flavor of this tasty drink lure us to get out of bed and move on with our day.

It can be defined as a great source of motivation that encourages us to overcome every daily obstacle and stay energized even when we feel completely drained and exhausted. That’s precisely one of the reasons why so many people adore it.

But the question is, how much do you know about your favorite drink? Are you familiar with its ingredients, or do you drink it because you love the taste of it? If you want to gather more helpful information when it comes to this, then stay tuned!

Everything You Need To Know About The Most Common Coffee Beans

Let’s Begin With Amazing Arabica

This is by far the most popular type of coffee beans in the world. This type accounts for approximately seventy percent of all the coffee made worldwide. The biggest producer of Arabica is Brazil which produced almost 2,500,000 metric tons in 2021.

Unlike other types of coffee beans, this one is far more complex. So what’s so superior and spectacular about it? Namely, it is packed with lipids and sugar and doesn’t contain as much caffeine and chlorogenic acid, meaning that it is less bitter than the others.

Additionally, it contains almost twice the amount of sugar compared with Robusta, which shows that it is way sweeter. The way that the sugar levels alter during the roasting process affects how” the texture of Arabica.

Although it’s the most common type of coffee bean, the truth is that it is the most delicate sort and generally produces low yields. Therefore, it’s essential to properly take care of it and ensure the plant is grown in the most suitable conditions.

Unfortunately, Arabica is prone to a fungal illness known as coffee leaf rust (Hemileia vastatrix). Furthermore, it happens on the underside of the patches that are usually yellow-orange or on the leaves, which is why it is commonly referred to as rust. 

Sadly, there’s no cure for this condition, however, farmers are doing everything that’s in their power to decrease the risk by planting more durable varieties of Arabica which have more powerful genetics. 

The most popular coffee drinks that contain Arabica are Turkish coffee, espresso, and Spanish Latte. If you want to learn how to make a Spanish Latte or any of these two beverages above, browse the web, and you’ll quickly find straightforward yet helpful recipes—now, moving on to other coffee beans.

Let’s Discuss Robusta 

The second most popular type of coffee beans is Robusta. As the name suggests, its coffee beans are robust and immune to various illnesses. Its beans thrive in a hot climate at different altitudes with irregular rainfall patterns.

Compared to Arabica, this coffee bean has twice the amount of coffee, which is ideal for anybody who adores coffee with a more robust flavor. Moreover, its beans have a relatively smooth texture which is why many define them as a bit chocolaty, which makes them a fantastic choice for anyone who loves combining their coffee with milk and sugar. 

As previously mentioned, Robusta coffee is highly bitter and frequently used in espresso, instant coffee, and as a filler in specific blends of ground coffee.

What Else Needs To Be Mentioned Regarding This Tasty Drink?

What Do We Know About Liberica?

Unlike the previous ones, this one makes up less than 2 percent of global production. It was discovered back in 1872 in Liberica, Africa. Almost twenty years later, it was transported to other places, and one of them was Malaysia. 

What’s interesting is the fact that over ninety percent of the coffee produced in this country is precisely Liberica. Another place where this type of coffee bean was transported was the Philippines. 

Further, Liberica grown in this country is known as Barako due to its strong aroma and flavor. Compared to Robusta and Arabica trees, this one is the biggest, achieving eighteen meters. 

Additionally, it produces meager yields, possibly the lowest. Creating one kilogram of coffee beans takes two and a half times more coffee cherry fruits than Arabica and four times more than Robusta.

But what do we know about the taste of this coffee bean? Those who have drunk this popular beverage made from Liberica suggest that it tastes similar to kopi luwak. This coffee has been excreted in Asia and is one of the priciest coffees in the world. The coffee is dark-roasted and pretty sweet.

And Then We Have Excelsa 

These coffee bean types have been reclassified as one of the members of the Liberica family. How did this happen? Its coffee beans grow on giant trees, usually twenty to thirty ft long. 

And What’s interesting is that the altitude of Liberica trees is precisely the same. Additionally, both of them have an irregular shape that resembles an almond. However, there are still a couple of coffee gurus out there who believe that Excelsa coffee beans are not that similar to Liberica coffee beans, particularly regarding taste.

Furthermore, these coffee beans are primarily produced in Southeast Asia and contribute seven percent of global coffee production. Nowadays, they are mainly utilized in blends to provide coffee lovers with that extra flavor. Those who have tried it suggest it has a distinctive dark, fruity, yet mysterious flavor.

It doesn’t matter how much you adore coffee; we are sure that a vast majority of people aren’t familiar with the most common facts regarding coffee beans, so we decided to provide you with this engaging info.

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